Are you ready to take a stab at this quiz, Julius Caes-er, I mean, dear reader? Don’t worry, you won’t find any backstabbing questions here. This quiz is all about Ancient Rome, a topic so popular, it could even make a gladiator quit his day job. So, buckle up and put on your thinking laurels, because we’re about to take a chariot ride through history. Remember, Rome wasn’t quizzed in a day!
1. What language was commonly spoken in Ancient Rome?
3. What year was Rome founded according to the legend?
4. Who were the legendary founders of Rome?
5. Which empire did Rome succeed?
6. What were Roman apartment buildings called?
7. How many hills was Rome built on?
8. The Colosseum in Rome was primarily used for what?
9. What structure brought water to Ancient Rome?
10. What was the basic unit of the Roman army?
11. What type of government was Ancient Rome before it became an empire?
12. What was the ‘SPQR’ symbol used in Rome?
13. Who was the first emperor of Rome?
14. What was the Roman currency called?
15. How was Julius Caesar killed and who were the main conspirators?
16. What is the Pantheon in Rome?
17. Who was the Roman god of war?
18. What was the racecourse called in Ancient Rome where chariot races were held?
19. Who was the gladiator that led a slave revolt against Rome?
20. What was the period of peace and prosperity that lasted from 27 BC to 180 AD in Rome?
21. What was the name of the Roman upper class?
22. Which infamous Emperor reportedly fiddled while Rome burned?
23. Who was the Roman god of the sea?
24. What was the job of a Roman ‘aedile’?
25. Which Roman Emperor built a massive palace called the ‘Domus Aurea’?
26. What was the political alliance between Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar called?
27. Who was the famous Roman philosopher, statesman, and orator who exposed the Catiline conspiracy?
28. Who were the ‘Plebeians’ in Roman society?
29. Who was the Roman goddess of love?
30. What is the term for a Roman military formation, consisting of around 5000 soldiers?
31. What was the name of the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Hermes?
32. Who was the queen of Egypt that Julius Caesar and later Mark Antony had an affair with?
33. What was the Punic Wars?
34. Who was the Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War?
35. What was the name of the three-part Roman government system?
36. What was the ‘Cursus Honorum’?
37. Which Roman city was preserved under ash after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius?
38. Who was the last Roman Emperor in the West?
39. Which Emperor legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire?
40. What was the Roman ‘Collegia’?
41. What was the common name for the Roman warriors who fought in the arenas?
42. Who was considered the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Athena?
43. Which Roman emperor famously made his horse a senator?
44. What does the term ‘Veni, vidi, vici’ mean?
45. What was the main purpose of the Roman Census?
46. What was the practice of ‘Patronage’ in ancient Rome?
47. What was the famous Roman set of civil laws called which forms the basis of many legal systems today?
48. Which emperor is known for starting the construction of the Colosseum?
49. What was the ‘Praetorian Guard’?
50. Who was the Roman god of fire and forge?
51. Who were the Scipios?
52. Who was the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Dionysus?
53. Name the famous Roman poet known for his work ‘The Aeneid’?
54. Who was the Roman god of trade, merchants, and travelers?
55. What does ‘S.P.Q.R’ stand for in Latin?
56. What was ‘Lustrum’ in Ancient Rome?
57. Who was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity?
58. Which Roman Emperor is known for his wall across Northern Britain?
59. What was an ‘Imperium’ in Ancient Rome?
60. Who fought in the Roman Civil War of 49-45 BC?
61. What was the name of the elite heavy infantry formation in the Roman army?
62. Who was the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Zeus?
63. Who were the Samnites in relation to Rome?
64. What is a ‘consul’ in the context of the Roman Republic?
65. What was the name of the system where a Roman general would distribute land to his soldiers?
66. Name the ancient city destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, alongside Pompeii?
67. Who was the Roman god of music, truth, and prophecy?
68. What was the title ‘Augustus’ first used for?
69. What was a ‘triumph’ in Ancient Rome?
70. Who was the Roman historian known for his work ‘Histories’?
71. In Roman mythology, who was Cupid’s mother?
72. Who was the last king of Rome before the Roman Republic was established?
73. What is the Via Appia?
74. Which philosopher was forced to commit suicide for treason during the reign of Nero?
75. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, what empire emerged in its place?
76. Who were the ‘Vestal Virgins’ in Roman mythology?
77. What was the Roman ‘Curia’?
78. Who usurped the throne from Roman Emperor Nero?
79. What was ‘Saturnalia’ in ancient Rome?
80. Who were the ‘Etruscans’ in relation to Rome?
81. What was the traditional purple dye used for the clothing of Roman emperors?
82. Which emperor was known for his philosophical work “Meditations”?
83. Who was the Roman god of the underworld?
84. Who was the most famous Roman playwright?
85. What was the name of the battle in 31 BC that led to the ascendancy of Octavian?
86. Who was the Roman god of agriculture?
87. What was the name of the fortified Roman border in the province of Germania that kept out the Germanic tribes?
88. Which Roman emperor split the empire into Eastern and Western halves?
89. How did the Romans typically heat their bathhouses?
90. What was the Colosseum originally called?
91. What was the name of the popular spectator event involving naumachiae?
92. Which emperor constructed a massive wall across Northern Britain?
93. What was the ‘bread and circuses’ policy?
94. What were Roman baths called?
95. What was the civil war between Mark Antony and Octavian known as?
96. What was the name of the famous Roman road that connected Rome to Brindisi?
97. Which emperor was in power when Jesus Christ was crucified?
98. What was the Pax Romana?
99. Who was the last of the Five Good Emperors?
100. What was the name of the battle where Julius Caesar famously said ‘The die is cast’?
Well, there you have it! You’ve just marched through 100 questions of Ancient Rome trivia like a Roman legion on the move. If you enjoyed this journey through history, don’t stop here. Check out our other quizzes on Trivia Bliss to keep the intellectual fun going, including quizzes about world history, world monuments, the Middle Ages, and even an easy history quiz. From science to pop culture, we’ve got all the trivia you need to conquer! Happy quizzing!